አዲስ አበባ፣ ጥቅምት 4/2013 ዓ.ም. አዳዲስ የብር ኖቶችን በማሠራጨትና የቀድሞዎቹን ኖቶች በመቀየር ሂደት ወደ ባንኮች የሚሰበሰበው ገንዘብ መጨመሩን የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ አስታወቀ።
ትናንት በባንኩ አዳራሽ በተካሄደው የፕሬስ መግለጫ የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ ምክትል ገዥ አቶ ሰሎሞን ደስታ እንደገለጹት በገንዘብ ቅያሬው ሂደት አዳዲስ በተከፈቱ አካውንቶች ከ13 ነጥብ 5 ቢሊዮን ብር በላይ መሰብሰብ ተችሏል።
በገንዘብ ቅያሬው ሂደት እጅግ በርካታ አዳዲስ አካውንቶች መከፈታቸውን ያመለከቱት ምክትል ገዥው፣ ይህም ገንዘብን ወደ ባንክ እንዲሰበሰብ የማድረግን ዕቅድ ለማሳካት የሚያስችል መሆኑንም አመልክተዋል።
እስካሁን ብር 90 ነጥብ 4 ቢሊዮን አዲስ የብር ኖቶች ለባንኮች መሠራጨታቸውን አቶ ሰሎሞን አመልክተዋል።
አሮጌውን የብር ኖት በመተለከተ የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ እስካሁን ከባንኮች የሰበሰበው ገንዘብ 74 ነጥብ 9 ቢሊዮን ብር መድረሱንም አስረድተዋል።
የብር ኖቶቹን የመቀየር ሂደት ተጠናክሮ መቀጠሉንና በሁሉም ባንኮች ሁሉም ቅርንጫፎች አገልግሎቱ እየተሠጠ መሆኑን ያመለከቱት አቶ ሰሎሞን፣ ሕብረተሰቡም ሳይዘናጋ በቀሪዎቹ ቀናት ወደ ባንክ ቅርንጫፎች በመሄድ አሮጌውን የብር ኖት እንዲቀይር አሳስበዋል።
የብር ለውጡንም በተመለከተ ቀደም ብሎ ይሠራበት እንደነበረው እስከ ብር 5ሺህ በጥሬ ገንዘብ እና ከብር 5ሺህ በላይ ከሆነ ደግሞ ሂሳብ በመክፈት መለወጥ እንደሚቻል አስታውቀዋል።
በባንኩ የከረንሲ ማኔጅመንት ዳይሬክተር አቶ አበበ ሰንበቴ በበኩላቸው፣ ስለ አዳዲሱ የብር ኖቶች ምስል፣ አስመስሎ ከተሠራው ብር በቀላሉ ስለሚለዩባቸው ገጽታዎች፣ ስለብር አያያዝና ተያያዥ ጉዳዮች ላይ ማብራሪያ ሠጥተዋል።
የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት አዳዲስ የደህንነት ገጽታዎች እና ሌሎችም መለያዎች የተካተቱባቸው የገንዘብ ዓይነቶችን ለግብይት እንደሚያውል በዛሬው ዕለት ተገልጿል። ነባሮቹ የ10፣ የ50 እና የ100 ብር የገንዘብ ዓይነቶች ሙሉ ለሙሉ የሚተኩ ይሆናል። አዲስ የ200 ብር ገንዘብም በተጨማሪነት ለግልጋሎት ይውላል። የ5 ብር ገንዘብ ባለበት ቀጥሎ፣ ከተወሰነ ጊዜ በኋላ ወደ ሣንቲም የሚለወጥ ይሆናል። ይህ የገንዘብ ቅያሪ መደበኛ ባልሆነ መንገድ እንዲሁም ከፋይናንስ ተቋማት ውጪ የሚዘዋወረውን ገንዘብ ለመሰብሰብ፣ ሙስናን እና የኮንትሮባንድ ሥራዎችን ለመቀልበስ የታለመ ነው። የፋይናንስ ተቋማት የገንዘብ እጥረትን ለመቋቋም እንዲችሉም ያግዛል።
በአሁኑ ወቅት አብዛኛው የሕትመት ሥራ ተገባዶ በኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ ግምጃ ቤት ይገኛል። የስርጭት ስርዓት እና ዕቅድ የተዘጋጀ ሲሆን፣ በሚመለከታቸው አካላት አማካኝነት የሚተገበር ይሆናል። በገንዘብ ቅያሬው ሂደት የጸጥታ ማስከበር አካላት ከፍተኛ ሚና የሚጫወቱ ሲሆን፣ የሚመለከታቸው የመንግስት አካላት ከማኅበረሰቡ ጋር በመተባበር ጥንቃቄ በተሞላበት መንገድ ያስፈጽማሉ። ከብሔራዊ መከላከያ ሠራዊት፣ ከብሔራዊ የመረጃ እና ደህንነት አገልግሎት እና ከፌደራል ፖሊስ የተውጣጣ ኮማንድ ፖስት ተቋቁሞ፣ ሂደቱን በበላይነት ያስተባብራል። የክልል መንግሥታትም ተመሳሳይ ኮማንድ ፖስት አቋቁመው ሥራውን እንዲያከናውኑም ይጠበቃል።
ኢትዮጵያ ገንዘቧን የሚወክል ምልክት እንዳልነበራት ይታወቃል። በቅርቡ ለብር መለያ የሚሆን አዲስ ምልክት ተዘጋጅቶ በጥቅም ላይ ይውላል።
The government of Ethiopia has introduced new currency notes, with enhanced security features and other distinctive elements. The new currency notes replace the Birr 10, 50 and 100 notes while an additional Birr 200 note has also been unveiled. The Birr 5 note remains unchanged and will be turned into coin format soon. The currency change is aimed at gathering currency circulating informally and outside of financial institutions; curb corruption and contraband and support financial institutions confront currency shortage.
Most of the print work is currently in country within NBE vault. Distribution mechanism and planning having been developed and will go in effect through concerned bodies. Security plays a key component in the currency change process and relevant authorities together with members of the community will enforce secure implementation. A Federal command post that includes National Defense, NISS and Federal Police will be set up to oversee this process with the expectation that Regional Command Posts will also be set up.
While Ethiopia has never had a symbol to represent its currency, a new symbol has been designed and will be soon unveiled to symbolize the Birr.
(the report is Office of the Prime Minister-Ethiopia on Sept. 14,2020)
May 19, 2020
Addis Ababa: The National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE) issues a Directive which limits cash withdrawals for individuals and companies from commercial banks and microfinance institutions.
Briefing journalists, Dr. Yinager Dessie, Governor of the National Bank of Ethiopia disclosed that the Bank issued the directive in a bid to curtail illegal transaction, combat tax evasion and money laundering in the market system.
Accordingly, an individual can withdraw cash money up to 200,000 Birr a day, and 1 million Birr in a month, while companies are allowed to withdraw a maximum of 300,000 Birr a day, but not exceeding 2.5 million in a month.
The Governor underscored that individuals or companies that need to withdraw cash beyond the set limit for transaction or other purposes can make payments from account to account, in cheques, CPO or any other form of payment system.
The directive allows bank presidents to make exceptions under certain circumstances and reports such above the limit payment to NBE weekly, the Governor said.
Any bank or microfinance institution in Ethiopia, which violates the directive, will be fined 25 % of the amount it has paid in a penalty, he added
It was learnt that the new directive came into effect as of May 19, 2020.
The full content of the directive is posted at NBE website; www.nbe.gov.et
Adds Ababa: March 31, 2020. National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE) has issued a new directive that is highly important to promote the safety and efficiency of the payment system.
The directive; “Licensing and Authorization of Payment Instrument Issuers Directive No. ONPS/01/2020” shall enter into force as of 1st day of April 2020.
The directive, signed by the Governor of National Bank of Ethiopia, H.E Dr. Yinager Dessie, gives prominence to innovative payment instruments believing that they are important to increase the use of financial services.
Composed of six parts and twenty articles, the directive, is cognizant of the fact that establishing clear and enabling regulatory requirements are necessary to protect the interest of users of payment instruments.
According to the directive a person other than the licensed financial institutions, shall submit a complete application to NBE to get a license to issue a payment instrument.
As part of the application process, the National Bank, may request for a preliminary meeting and demonstration of the intended payment instrument to be issued, its related services, products as well as operation.
Based on requests made and written approval of the National Bank, a payment instrument issuer may be allowed to provide cash-in and cash-out; local money transfers including domestic remittances, load to card or bank account, transfer to card or bank account; domestic payments including purchase from physical merchants, bill payments; over-the-counter transactions; and inward international remittances services.
Besides, based on written approval of the National Bank, a licensed payment instrument issuer under full responsibility of and written outsourcing agreement with a regulated financial institutions and pension funds may be allowed to provide; micro-saving products, micro-credit products, micro-insurance products; or pension products.
In a bid to mitigate associate risks and maintain reliability of payment instruments, the National Bank of Ethiopia shall oversee payment issuers, their systems, agents and outsourcing counter parties; according to the directive.
The directive is accessed on NBE official website; www.nbe.gov.et.
Addis Ababa: November 22, 2019 (NBE):- National Bank of Ethiopia has repealed the NBE-Bill Purchase Directive which used to mandate private commercial banks to buy NBE Bill 27 percent of every loan disbursement.
The Bank has issued a new directive; “NBE–Bill Purchase (Repealing) Directive No. MFA/NBEBILLS/004/2019” and stated in article 2 of this directive that the former Directive No. MFA/NBEBILLS/003/2018 is hereby repealed.
The repealed directive shall have effect with respect to any outstanding NBE Bill which has been issued before the coming into effect of this directive.
The new directive shall come into force as of the 20th November 2019
የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ የ27 በመቶ አስገዳጅ ቦንድን አነሳ
አዲስ አበባ፡ ኀዳር 12 ቀን 2012 ዓ .ም (ኢብባ)፡¬- የግል ባንኮች ለተበዳሪዎች ከሚያቀርቡት እያንዳንዱ የብድር ገንዘብ ውስጥ የ27 በመቶ ተቀናሽ አስልተው ለብሔራዊ ባንክ ቦንድ ግዥ እንዲያውሉ የሚያዝዘው መመሪያ ተነሳ።
የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ ሥራ ላይ የቆየውን የ27 በመቶ አስገዳጅ ቦንድ መመርያ ቁጥር MFA/NBEBILLS/003/2018 ማንሳት አስፈላጊ ሆኖ አግኝቶታል።
በመሆኑም ባንኩ አዲስ ያወጣውና የቀድሞውን የሚሽረው መመሪያ “NBE–Bill Purchase (Repealing) Directive No. MFA/NBEBILLS/004/2019” ከኅዳር 10 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም ጀምሮ ሥራ ላይ ውሏል።
አዲሱ መመሪያ ከመውጣቱ በፊት በቀድሞው መመሪያ መሠረት በሂደት ላይ የነበሩ ተግባራት በቀድሞው መመሪያ መሠረት ተፈፃሚ እንደሚሆኑ ታውቋል።
የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ ከተጣለበት ትልቅ ሀገራዊ ሀላፊነት አኳያ አቅሙን አጎልብቶ በርካታ ትላልቅ ተግባራት ማከናወን እንዳለበት የባንኩ ገዥ ዶ/ር ይናገር ደሴ ገለፁ፡፡ አዲስ ከተሾሙት ም/ ገዥዎችና ዳይሬክተሮች ጋርም የትውውቅ መድረክ ተካሂዷል፡፡ መስከረም 29 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም በባንኩ የቦርድ አዳራሽ በተካሂደው የሲኒየር ማኔጅመንት ስብሰባና የትውውቅ መድረክ ላይ ክቡር ገዥው እንዳሉት ባንኩ ጠንካራ ሥራ ማከናወን የለውጥ ሂደቱን ማሳካት ያስችለው ዘንድ ነባር አመራር አባላትን በአዲስ በመተካት በአዲስ ሀይል አቅሙን ማሳደግ ይጠበቅበታል፡፡
Ethiopia Has Builton Its Strong Track Record of Development over More Than a Decade
The International Monetary Fund (IMFhas praised Ethiopia’s remarkable progress over more than a decade.
Published on its website on December 4, 2018, IMF stated that over more than a decade the country has built on it s strong track record of Development.
Growth slowed in 2017/18, but remained high while the current account deficit continued to narrow;the IMF says in its recent report on the economic health of Ethiopia. The sub-Saharancountry is embarking on its next phase of economic and social development—supported by reforms and powered by the private sector.
Over the last decade, high growth has led to a significant reduction in poverty and improved living standards for many Ethiopians.The country’s large infrastructure investments are beginning to bear fruit and the provision of public services such as education and health has increased dramatically.As a result, the population has enjoyed important welfare gains. For example, the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births fell radically from 1,080 in 1995 to 353 in 2015 and the proportion of people living in poverty fell from over 45 percent in 1995 to around 23 percent in2015.
Recovering growth after a dip
In 2017/18, Ethiopia’s economic growth dipped to 7.7 percent due to reduced government public expenditure aimed at tackling the growing current account deficit and indebtedness.
Political uncertainty and severe foreign exchange shortages also dampened growth.As the political climate settles and investment recovers, growth is expected to recover to 8.5percent this fiscal year, and the current account deficit should continue to narrow.In their report,IMF staff say they expect inflation—which currently exceeds the single-digit authorities’target—to continue to fall due to an appropriately tight monetary policy.
Risks to medium-term outlook
Despite positive developments, the large external imbalances and the public debt burden are constraining future growth and pose risks to the medium-term outlook.While debt is sustainable in the medium term, Ethiopia remains at high risk of debt distress.
To mitigate those risks, restrained public sector borrowing—particularly on non-concessional
loans—while protecting pro-poor spending programs, will be key, say IMF economists.At the same time, the government will need to mobilize tax revenues and raise exports to reduce vulnerabilities over the medium term.Since his election, Prime Minister Abiy has created space for a more inclusive political dialogue and has taken steps to bring stability to the region. On the economic front, the new government has announced an ambitious reform program for the country aimed at opening the economy to private investment and competition to support sustainable growth.
Developing an open and inclusive economy
The new legal framework for public-private partnerships can play an important role in strengthening growth by promoting private sector development and the provision of public services, while reducing government costs, says the report.It also calls for privatization and removal of barriers to private investment in key sectors, which supports policy announcements by the government.The government also wants to develop the domestic financial system. An important first step will be to introduce a market for government securities with market-determined interest rates.
This will allow the central bank to reduce direct financing of the government and increase the effectiveness of monetary policy in maintaining low and stable inflation.
Reforms to support continued development
In their report, IMF staff encourage the authorities to review the strategy and financial model of the government’s development lending agency—the Development Bank of Ethiopia—which has seen lower-than-expected returns to its investments in recent years. A more flexible system for the exchange rate is also needed to increase foreign exchange reserves, improve external competitiveness, and increase the availability of foreign exchange.This would support the country’s continued development.Analysis carried out jointly by IMF staff and UN Women finds that the government’s agenda of promoting gender equality could yield large economic benefits over time. Closing gender gaps in educational attainment, formal labor force participation rates, and access to quality land another resources are key to realizing these benefits.
The new government has made progress in this area.They have appointed a gender balanced cabinet, while women have been placed in key decision-making positions, including the presidency and the head of the Supreme Court.