በገንዘብ ለውጡ ምክንያት ወደ ባንክ የሚሰበሰበው ገንዘብ መጠን ጨምሯል

አዲስ አበባ፣ ጥቅምት 4/2013 ዓ.ም. አዳዲስ የብር ኖቶችን በማሠራጨትና የቀድሞዎቹን ኖቶች በመቀየር ሂደት ወደ ባንኮች የሚሰበሰበው ገንዘብ መጨመሩን የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ አስታወቀ።
ትናንት በባንኩ አዳራሽ በተካሄደው የፕሬስ መግለጫ የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ ምክትል ገዥ አቶ ሰሎሞን ደስታ እንደገለጹት በገንዘብ ቅያሬው ሂደት አዳዲስ በተከፈቱ አካውንቶች ከ13 ነጥብ 5 ቢሊዮን ብር በላይ መሰብሰብ ተችሏል።
በገንዘብ ቅያሬው ሂደት እጅግ በርካታ አዳዲስ አካውንቶች መከፈታቸውን ያመለከቱት ምክትል ገዥው፣ ይህም ገንዘብን ወደ ባንክ እንዲሰበሰብ የማድረግን ዕቅድ ለማሳካት የሚያስችል መሆኑንም አመልክተዋል።
እስካሁን ብር 90 ነጥብ 4 ቢሊዮን አዲስ የብር ኖቶች ለባንኮች መሠራጨታቸውን አቶ ሰሎሞን አመልክተዋል።
አሮጌውን የብር ኖት በመተለከተ የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ እስካሁን ከባንኮች የሰበሰበው ገንዘብ 74 ነጥብ 9 ቢሊዮን ብር መድረሱንም አስረድተዋል።
የብር ኖቶቹን የመቀየር ሂደት ተጠናክሮ መቀጠሉንና በሁሉም ባንኮች ሁሉም ቅርንጫፎች አገልግሎቱ እየተሠጠ መሆኑን ያመለከቱት አቶ ሰሎሞን፣ ሕብረተሰቡም ሳይዘናጋ በቀሪዎቹ ቀናት ወደ ባንክ ቅርንጫፎች በመሄድ አሮጌውን የብር ኖት እንዲቀይር አሳስበዋል።
የብር ለውጡንም በተመለከተ ቀደም ብሎ ይሠራበት እንደነበረው እስከ ብር 5ሺህ በጥሬ ገንዘብ እና ከብር 5ሺህ በላይ ከሆነ ደግሞ ሂሳብ በመክፈት መለወጥ እንደሚቻል አስታውቀዋል።
በባንኩ የከረንሲ ማኔጅመንት ዳይሬክተር አቶ አበበ ሰንበቴ በበኩላቸው፣ ስለ አዳዲሱ የብር ኖቶች ምስል፣ አስመስሎ ከተሠራው ብር በቀላሉ ስለሚለዩባቸው ገጽታዎች፣ ስለብር አያያዝና ተያያዥ ጉዳዮች ላይ ማብራሪያ ሠጥተዋል።

THE GOVERNMENT OF ETHIOPIA HAS INTRODUCED NEW CURRENCY NOTES.

የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት አዳዲስ የደህንነት ገጽታዎች እና ሌሎችም መለያዎች የተካተቱባቸው የገንዘብ ዓይነቶችን ለግብይት እንደሚያውል በዛሬው ዕለት ተገልጿል። ነባሮቹ የ10፣ የ50 እና የ100 ብር የገንዘብ ዓይነቶች ሙሉ ለሙሉ የሚተኩ ይሆናል። አዲስ የ200 ብር ገንዘብም በተጨማሪነት ለግልጋሎት ይውላል። የ5 ብር ገንዘብ ባለበት ቀጥሎ፣ ከተወሰነ ጊዜ በኋላ ወደ ሣንቲም የሚለወጥ ይሆናል። ይህ የገንዘብ ቅያሪ መደበኛ ባልሆነ መንገድ እንዲሁም ከፋይናንስ ተቋማት ውጪ የሚዘዋወረውን ገንዘብ ለመሰብሰብ፣ ሙስናን እና የኮንትሮባንድ ሥራዎችን ለመቀልበስ የታለመ ነው። የፋይናንስ ተቋማት የገንዘብ እጥረትን ለመቋቋም እንዲችሉም ያግዛል።
በአሁኑ ወቅት አብዛኛው የሕትመት ሥራ ተገባዶ በኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ ግምጃ ቤት ይገኛል። የስርጭት ስርዓት እና ዕቅድ የተዘጋጀ ሲሆን፣ በሚመለከታቸው አካላት አማካኝነት የሚተገበር ይሆናል። በገንዘብ ቅያሬው ሂደት የጸጥታ ማስከበር አካላት ከፍተኛ ሚና የሚጫወቱ ሲሆን፣ የሚመለከታቸው የመንግስት አካላት ከማኅበረሰቡ ጋር በመተባበር ጥንቃቄ በተሞላበት መንገድ ያስፈጽማሉ። ከብሔራዊ መከላከያ ሠራዊት፣ ከብሔራዊ የመረጃ እና ደህንነት አገልግሎት እና ከፌደራል ፖሊስ የተውጣጣ ኮማንድ ፖስት ተቋቁሞ፣ ሂደቱን በበላይነት ያስተባብራል። የክልል መንግሥታትም ተመሳሳይ ኮማንድ ፖስት አቋቁመው ሥራውን እንዲያከናውኑም ይጠበቃል።
ኢትዮጵያ ገንዘቧን የሚወክል ምልክት እንዳልነበራት ይታወቃል። በቅርቡ ለብር መለያ የሚሆን አዲስ ምልክት ተዘጋጅቶ በጥቅም ላይ ይውላል።

The government of Ethiopia  has introduced new currency notes, with enhanced security features and other distinctive elements. The new currency notes replace the Birr 10, 50 and 100 notes while an additional Birr 200 note has also been unveiled. The Birr 5 note remains unchanged and will be turned into coin format soon. The currency change is aimed at gathering currency circulating informally and outside of financial institutions; curb corruption and contraband and support financial institutions confront currency shortage.
Most of the print work is currently in country within NBE vault. Distribution mechanism and planning having been developed and will go in effect through concerned bodies. Security plays a key component in the currency change process and relevant authorities together with members of the community will enforce secure implementation. A Federal command post that includes National Defense, NISS and Federal Police will be set up to oversee this process with the expectation that Regional Command Posts will also be set up.
While Ethiopia has never had a symbol to represent its currency, a new symbol has been designed and will be soon unveiled to symbolize the Birr.
(the report is Office of the Prime Minister-Ethiopia on Sept. 14,2020)

NBE Puts a Cap on Cash Withdrawals for Individuals, Companies

May 19, 2020
Addis Ababa: The National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE) issues a Directive which limits cash withdrawals for individuals and companies from commercial banks and microfinance institutions.
Briefing journalists, Dr. Yinager Dessie, Governor of the National Bank of Ethiopia disclosed that the Bank issued the directive in a bid to curtail illegal transaction, combat tax evasion and money laundering in the market system.
Accordingly, an individual can withdraw cash money up to 200,000 Birr a day, and 1 million Birr in a month, while companies are allowed to withdraw a maximum of 300,000 Birr a day, but not exceeding 2.5 million in a month.
The Governor underscored that individuals or companies that need to withdraw cash beyond the set limit for transaction or other purposes can make payments from account to account, in cheques, CPO or any other form of payment system.
The directive allows bank presidents to make exceptions under certain circumstances and reports such above the limit payment to NBE weekly, the Governor said.
Any bank or microfinance institution in Ethiopia, which violates the directive, will be fined 25 % of the amount it has paid in a penalty, he added
It was learnt that the new directive came into effect as of May 19, 2020.
The full content of the directive is posted at NBE website; www.nbe.gov.et

NBE Issues Directive to License, Authorize Payment Instrument Issuers

Adds Ababa: March 31, 2020. National Bank of Ethiopia (NBE) has issued a new directive that is highly important to promote the safety and efficiency of the payment system.
The directive; “Licensing and Authorization of Payment Instrument Issuers Directive No. ONPS/01/2020” shall enter into force as of 1st day of April 2020.
The directive, signed by the Governor of National Bank of Ethiopia, H.E Dr. Yinager Dessie, gives prominence to innovative payment instruments believing that they are important to increase the use of financial services.
Composed of six parts and twenty articles, the directive, is cognizant of the fact that establishing clear and enabling regulatory requirements are necessary to protect the interest of users of payment instruments.
According to the directive a person other than the licensed financial institutions, shall submit a complete application to NBE to get a license to issue a payment instrument.
As part of the application process, the National Bank, may request for a preliminary meeting and demonstration of the intended payment instrument to be issued, its related services, products as well as operation.
Based on requests made and written approval of the National Bank, a payment instrument issuer may be allowed to provide cash-in and cash-out; local money transfers including domestic remittances, load to card or bank account, transfer to card or bank account; domestic payments including purchase from physical merchants, bill payments; over-the-counter transactions; and inward international remittances services.
Besides, based on written approval of the National Bank, a licensed payment instrument issuer under full responsibility of and written outsourcing agreement with a regulated financial institutions and pension funds may be allowed to provide; micro-saving products, micro-credit products, micro-insurance products; or pension products.
In a bid to mitigate associate risks and maintain reliability of payment instruments, the National Bank of Ethiopia shall oversee payment issuers, their systems, agents and outsourcing counter parties; according to the directive.
The directive is accessed on NBE official website; www.nbe.gov.et.

NBE Bill Repealed

Addis Ababa: November 22, 2019 (NBE):- National Bank of Ethiopia has repealed the NBE-Bill Purchase Directive which used to mandate private commercial banks to buy NBE Bill 27 percent of every loan disbursement.
The Bank has issued a new directive; “NBE–Bill Purchase (Repealing) Directive No. MFA/NBEBILLS/004/2019” and stated in article 2 of this directive that the former Directive No. MFA/NBEBILLS/003/2018 is hereby repealed.
The repealed directive shall have effect with respect to any outstanding NBE Bill which has been issued before the coming into effect of this directive.
The new directive shall come into force as of the 20th November 2019

የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ የ27 በመቶ አስገዳጅ ቦንድን አነሳ

አዲስ አበባ፡ ኀዳር 12 ቀን 2012 ዓ .ም (ኢብባ)፡¬- የግል ባንኮች ለተበዳሪዎች ከሚያቀርቡት እያንዳንዱ የብድር ገንዘብ ውስጥ የ27 በመቶ ተቀናሽ አስልተው ለብሔራዊ ባንክ ቦንድ ግዥ እንዲያውሉ የሚያዝዘው መመሪያ ተነሳ።
የኢትዮጵያ ብሔራዊ ባንክ ሥራ ላይ የቆየውን የ27 በመቶ አስገዳጅ ቦንድ መመርያ ቁጥር MFA/NBEBILLS/003/2018 ማንሳት አስፈላጊ ሆኖ አግኝቶታል።
በመሆኑም ባንኩ አዲስ ያወጣውና የቀድሞውን የሚሽረው መመሪያ “NBE–Bill Purchase (Repealing) Directive No. MFA/NBEBILLS/004/2019” ከኅዳር 10 ቀን 2012 ዓ.ም ጀምሮ ሥራ ላይ ውሏል።
አዲሱ መመሪያ ከመውጣቱ በፊት በቀድሞው መመሪያ መሠረት በሂደት ላይ የነበሩ ተግባራት በቀድሞው መመሪያ መሠረት ተፈፃሚ እንደሚሆኑ ታውቋል።

The National Bank of Ethiopia was established in 1963 by proclamation 206 of 1963 and began operation in January 1964. Prior to this proclamation, the Bank used to carry out dual activities, i.e. commercial banking and central banking.

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